Sultan ul Faqr 4th

 Shaikh Sayyid Abdul Razzaq Jilani

The fourth Sultan-ul-Faqr is Shaikh Sayyid Abdul Razzaq Jilani. He was the son of al-Ghawth al-Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. He inherited the Faqr of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani through blood as well as soul. Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani transferred his entire spiritual knowledge and powers to his son. Hence, he was the mirror image of his father.



Shaikh Abdul Razzaq was born in 528 Hijri (1133 AD) in Baghdad. Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani not only brought him up as a father, but also trained him spiritually as a spiritual guide. Thus, Abdul Razzaq directly benefited from Abdul Qadir Jilani who is king of all Saints and ocean of Divine knowledge.  He also benefited from other contemporary scholars.



Ibn al-Najjar writes, “Abdul Razzaq Jilani got knowledge of Hadith from his father. Also he learned from a group of proficient scholars. Furthermore, he acquired much knowledge due to his own intellect and hard work”. Being a great jurist and scholar of Hadith he got the title of Tajuddin meaning ‘the crown of religion’.



Humility, endurance, morality, modesty and dignity were some of his prominent attributes. He was also known for his piety, virtuosity, abstinence and mysticism. Usually he remained in solitude and spent most of his time in prayers and invocations. He only met people for delivering sermons and lectures. A large number of people benefited from him and many of them became great scholars and perfect Mystics. Ibn Kathir writes, “Abdul Razzaq Jilani was perfectly accomplished Mystic, ascetic and pious person. None among other sons of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani was as learned and accomplished as he was. He rejected worldly riches, status and high posts and was least interested in worldly pleasures. He always focused upon the hereafter. Abdul Razzaq listened and learned Hadith from many scholars and many people learned Hadith from him”.



Bahjat-ul-Asrar is famous biography of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. A tradition of Abu Zur’ah al-Dari is related in it about great love of Abdul Razzaq Jilani with Allah and his grand status of Divine propinquity. He states that once he was present in the sermon of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. During sermon he said, “Today, few such people are also present here who live across Mount Qaf. Their footsteps are in the air. Their cloaks and crowns of Divine love are burning due to the fire of Divine passion”. Shaikh Abdul Razzaq was sitting close to the chair of his father. As soon as he listened to these words, he raised his head and gazed at the sky. Instantly, his cloak and turban started burning and he fainted.  Shaikh Abdul Qadir stood up and put out fire with his hands saying, “O Abdul Razzaq you are also one of them”.

 Abu Zur’ah adds, “Afterwards I asked Shaikh Abdul Razzaq about the incident. He told me that when he gazed at the sky he saw some celestial people in the air. Their cloaks and turbans were blazing with extreme fire of Divine passion and they were circling and dancing in air. Moreover, their voices were thundering due to the ache of Divine love. Hence, on seeing them he also felt the same”.


There is a contradiction about the date of his death. Some has written Shawal 603 Hijri and some say that it is Rabi al-awwal 571 Hijri. His tomb is besides the tomb of Ahmad ibn Hanbal near Baab-e-Haram in Baghdad. Both these tombs have become extinct due to the flow of river Tigris.

Shaikh Abdul Razzaq Jilani compiled the lectures of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani in his work Jila-ul-Khawatir. He passed on the Trust of Faqr to his grandson Shaik Sayyid Abdul Jabbar Jilani.

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