Sultan ul Faqr 4th
Shaikh Sayyid Abdul Razzaq Jilani
Sultan ul Faqr 4th Shaikh Sayyid Abdul Razzaq Jilani was the son of al-Ghawth al-Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. He inherited Faqr from his father through blood relation as well as earned it through his dedication and hard work. Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani transferred his entire spiritual knowledge and powers to Sultan ul Faqr 4th. Hence, he was the mirror image of his father.
Birth of Sultan ul Faqr 4th Shaikh Sayyid Abdul Razzaq Jilani
He was born in 528 Hijri (1133 AD) in Baghdad. Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani not only brought him up as a father, but also trained him spiritually as a spiritual guide. Thus, He directly benefited from Abdul Qadir Jilani who is king of all Saints and ocean of Divine knowledge. Sultan ul Faqr 4th also benefited from other contemporary scholars.
Ibn al-Najjar writes, “Shaikh Sayyid Abdul Razzaq Jilani acquired knowledge of Hadith from his father. He (Sultan ul Faqr 4th) also learned from a group of proficient scholars. Furthermore, he acquired additional knowledge through his own intellect and hard work”. Being a great jurist and scholar of Hadith Sultan ul Faqr 4th received the title of Tajuddin, meaning ‘the crown of religion’.
Attributes of Sultan ul Faqr 4th
Humility, endurance, morality, modesty and dignity were some of his prominent attributes. Sultan ul Faqr 4th Shaikh Sayyid Abdul Razzaq Jilani was known for his piety, virtuosity, abstinence and mysticism. Usually, he remained in solitude and spent most of his time in prayers and invocations. He only met people for delivering sermons and lectures. A large number of people benefited from him inwardly as well as outwardly. Many of his disciples and devotes became great scholars and perfect Mystics.
Ibn Kathir writes, “Shaikh Sayyid Abdul Razzaq Jilani was perfectly accomplished Mystic, ascetic and pious person. None among other sons of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani was as learned and accomplished as he was. He rejected worldly riches, status and high posts and was least interested in worldly pleasures. He was always focused upon the hereafter. He learned Hadith from many scholars and many people learned Hadith from him”.
Intensity of Divine Love
Bahjat-ul-Asrar is a famous biography of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. A tradition of Abu Zur’ah al-Dari is related in it about great love of Sultan ul Faqr 4th Shaikh Sayyid Abdul Razzaq Jilani with Allah and his grand status of Divine propinquity. He states that once he was present in the sermon of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. During sermon he said, “Today, few such people are present here who live across Mount Qaf. Their footsteps are in the air. Their cloaks and crowns are burning due to the fire of Divine passion”.
Sultan ul Faqr 4th Shaikh Sayyid Abdul Razzaq Jilani was sitting close to the chair of his father. As soon as he heard these words, he raised his head and gazed at the sky. Instantly, his cloak and turban started burning and he fainted. Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani stood up and put out the fire with his hands saying, “O Abdul Razzaq, you are one of them”.
Abu Zur’ah adds, “Afterwards, I asked Sultan ul Faqr 4th Shaikh Sayyid Abdul Razzaq Jilani about the incident. He told me that when he gazed at the sky, he saw some celestial people in the air. Their cloaks and turbans were blazing with extreme fire of Divine passion and they were circling and dancing in air. Moreover, their voices were thundering due to the ache of Divine love. Hence, on seeing them he also felt the same”.
Death of Sultan ul Faqr 4th
There is a contradiction about the date of death of Sultan ul Faqr 4th Shaikh Sayyid Abdul Razzaq Jilani. Some has written Shawal 603 Hijri and some say that it is Rabi al-awwal 571 Hijri. His tomb is besides the tomb of Ahmad ibn Hanbal near Baab-e-Haram in Baghdad. Both these tombs have become extinct due to the flow of river Tigris.
He compiled the lectures of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani in his work Jila-ul-Khawatir. He passed on the Trust of Faqr to his grandson Shaikh Sayyid Abdul Jabbar Jilani.
Sultan ul Ashiqeen – The Present Shaikh of the Sarwari Qadri Order
Sultan ul Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib ur Rehman is the 31st and present Shaikh of the Sarwari Qadri order. The Qadri order of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani that Sultan ul Faqr 4th Shaikh Sayyid Abdul Razzaq Jilani succeeded and was propagated as Sarwari Qadri by Sultan Bahoo is now headed by Sultan ul Ashiqeen. Since assuming responsibility, Sultan ul Ashiqeen has taken revolutionary steps to spread the teachings of Faqr throughout the world.
Tehreek Dawat e Faqr
For the purposes of spreading the message of Faqr, he established Tehreek Dawat e Faqr in October 2009. Since its inception, this organisation has worked tirelessly in utilising every available forum to spread the message of Faqr throughout the world. From traditional means of publishing books and journals to utilising the internet and social media forums such as YouTube, Facebook, Instagram etc.
Please visit: www.tehreekdawatefaqr.com for further details.